Smart appliances


Currently, household appliances are responsible for about two thirds of the energy consumed by buildings. Industrial appliances are also major energy users.

In the future, such appliances will no longer be stand-alone items. They will be highly intelligent, networked smart devices. By communicating between themselves and with energy control systems, the impact of these devices on the environment can be managed and optimized.

Smart appliances will include white goods, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems and storage systems.

To ensure such systems are technically and commercially successful – and widely adopted – it must be possible to combine appliances from different vendors. These systems will also need to be able to communicate with service platforms from different energy service providers in order to manage and control energy use. This requires open interfaces.

Interoperability will therefore be a key factor in creating an ecosystem for the Internet of Things. The availability of standardized test suites will also be an important enabler.

Our Role & Activities

Our Smart Machine-to-Machine communications committee (TC SmartM2M) is addressing the application-independent ‘horizontal’ service platform within the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) architecture which will be capable of supporting a wide range of services. It could, for example, be used for interfacing with smart appliances, allowing interoperability of applications with ‘plug and play’ connectivity.

We have drawn up an action plan which defines the work needed for the creation of a new standard for smart appliances communications. This includes a description of the content of the new standard and a time plan. The proposed standard will be based upon our M2M specifications to ensure interoperability. It will include a common ontology and the identification of a communication architecture, along with the related protocols.

We are co-ordinating our activities in this area with the European Commission (EC), which has launched a “Study on the available semantics assets for the interoperability of Smart Appliances” for a common ontology language. The results of this study are expected to provide input for our work.

We have also held two workshops, organized jointly with EC DG CONNECT, to share our ideas and gather feedback from stakeholders.

We are now developing our first smart appliance specifications. These include the definition of a framework for smart appliances communication, including the configurations and settings needed to ensure full interworking with plug and play support. We are also working on the ontology and conformance testing.


The following is a list of the latest published ETSI standards on smart appliances.

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.

For work in progress see the ETSI work programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
TR 103 411 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; SAREF extension investigation
TS 103 410-1 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 1: Energy Domain
TS 103 410-2 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 2: Environment Domain
TS 103 410-3 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 3: Building Domain
TS 103 267 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Communication Framework
TS 103 264 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Reference Ontology and oneM2M Mapping