Today more than half of the world’s population lives in urban areas, and this figure is expected to rise significantly in coming years.
This places new demands on key city services and infrastructure such as transport, energy, health care, water and waste management.
Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) play an important role in connecting these resources, securely managing the massive amounts of data generated, and providing the relevant services that are required.
A ‘smart city’ uses digital technologies to:
- engage more effectively and actively with its citizens
- enhance the city performance and the wellbeing of the citizens
- reduce operational costs and the city resource consumption
- generate new business opportunities and increase the attractiveness of the city
- and much more ...
The creation of smart cities will only be achieved with a holistic approach, supported by globally acceptable standards that enable fully interoperable solutions that can be deployed and replicated at scale.
CEN-CENELEC-ETSI Sector Forum on Smart and Sustainable Cities and Communities
ETSI is a member of the CEN-CENELEC-ETSI Sector Forum on Smart and Sustainable Cities and Communities (SF-SSCC).
The CEN-CENELEC-ETSI SF-SSCC, created in January 2017, is a long-term joint group of the ESOs that acts as an advisory and coordinating body for European standardization activities related to smart and sustainable cities and communities.
The tasks of the group include:
- Liaise with relevant international initiatives (i.e. ISO, IEC and ITU) and prepare an overview on suitable standards already publicly available at national, European and international level
- Analyse and recommend standards for development, implementation, adaptation, or revision by CEN, CENELEC and ETSI
- Organize events on standardization activities for smart and sustainable cities open to relevant stakeholders in order to collect needs and share best practice
- Liaise and coordinate with relevant European initiatives (such as for example the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Smart Cities)
- Identify and give due consideration to European innovation/research projects which might have an impact
- Advise stakeholders on any strategic issues and developments concerning standardization on SSCC
- Inform on latest legislative developments occurring at the EC level (if any) and on the status of standardization work undertaken by relevant European Technical Bodies
- Propose actions to raise awareness of the ESOs on the importance of standards as a key element for a smart and sustainable development of cities and communities across Europe
The SF-SSCC activities are built upon the initial results and recommendations produced by the original Smart and Sustainable Coordination Group (SSCC-CG).
- Smart and Sustainable Coordination Group Report - full version
- Smart and Sustainable Coordination Group Report - summary
Our Role & Activities
We are working on several aspects of smart cities:
City Digital Profile
Our Industry Specification Group (ISG) City Digital Profile (CDP) develops a standards-based framework and corresponding technology roadmap that enables city administrators to deliver advanced services to their citizens, whilst respecting essential environmental factors, sustainability objectives and reducing overall complexity and therefore also reducing costs.
Those city services are intended to improve the overall quality of living in the city and make them increasing attractive to citizens, investors, business, innovators and visitors / tourists. An important part of the work of ISG CDP is to ensure the citizen representation, either directly, via city members or relevant partner groups (e.g. TC HF, Eurocities, and City Protocol Society). By adopting a standards-based approach, it is expected that cities will be able to ensure improved levels of quality and experience to the users, ensure the sustainability of the deployments as well as maintaining a certain level of provider independence.
To enable this, ISG CDP provides Cities with a focal point within a recognized standards body where they may share, collect and develop their various technology requirements based on common use cases, with a focus on those that have cross domain aspects. In clearly documenting scenarios, use cases and technology requirements that are based on a shared City-view, ISG CDP intends to identify and document the standards-based technical solutions that are recommended to enable a wide range of city services.
Providing this framework and roadmap for technology investment and deployment, will significantly increase market confidence level in city infrastructure investments, as well ensuring the interoperability of technical solutions and the ability to replicate those solutions across domains, between cities and at scale. ISG CDP collects initial feedback on the results from early trials and pilot projects and seeks to identify best practice recommendations for city service deployments to be made available to the ISG community and beyond.
Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications
M2M communications will form the foundation layer for our future world of smart devices, smart appliances, the smart home and smart cities. Among other things, our Smart M2M committee (TC SmartM2M) has analysed the impact of smart cities on the Internet of Things in an ETSI Technical Report (TR 103 290).
Much of the work relating to M2M in ETSI takes place in our global standards initiative oneM2M which is developing technical specifications for a common M2M Service Layer that can be readily embedded within various hardware and software, and relied upon to connect the myriad of devices in the field with M2M application servers worldwide.
The oneM2M standards cover requirements, architecture, application programming interface (API) specifications, security solutions and mapping to common industry protocols such as CoAP, MQTT and HTTP. By building upon well-proven protocols that allow applications across industry segments to communicate with each other, oneM2M enables service providers to combine different IoT devices, technologies and applications, a critical feature in their efforts to provide services across a range of industries. oneM2M has already been used in service provider deployments in South Korea, Asia and Europe for smart city and transport system deployments.
Green smart cities
Our Access, Terminals, Transmission and Multiplexing committee (TC ATTM) and particularly the recently created working group ATTM SDMC (Sustainable Digital Multiservice Cities) is working towards the creation, development and maintenance of standards relating to the relationship between deployment of ICT systems and implementation of services within cities and communities.
Our Industry Specification Group on Operational energy Efficiency for Users (ISG OEU) is developing global Key Performance Indicators for green smart cities, covering both residential and office environments.
Context Information Management
Our Industry Specification Group on cross-sector Context Information Management (ISG CIM) develops technical specifications and reports to enable multiple organisations to develop interoperable software implementations of a cross-cutting Context Information Management (CIM) layer, for smart cities applications and beyond.
Smart City Framework
ETSI is also an active participant to the ESPRESSO Project (systEmic Standardisation apPRoach to Empower Smart citieS and cOmmunities) which focuses on the development of a conceptual Smart City Information Framework based on open standards and identification of relevant open standards, technologies and information models. The project will analyze potential gaps and overlaps among standards and will provide guidelines on how to effectively address these.
Standardization to meet citizen and customer requirements
Standards are confusing for cities in the first place, and the needs of the citizen including:
- accessibility, or
- data security
are not often taken into account.
ETSI’s Human Factors Technical Committee is preparing a Technical Report giving an overview of standardization relating to the needs of inhabitants of (or visitors to) smart cities and communities. The Report will explore how links between local communities and standardization can be improved and make appropriate recommendations to standards bodies, cities and policy-makers.
The draft will shortly be available for public comment. It will be presented and discussed in an open meeting to be held in the Bloom Hotel, Brussels, on 11 December 2019.
See the dedicated website for more details about this project.
A list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search.