Internet of Things

An increasing number of everyday machines and objects are now embedded with sensors or actuators and have the ability to communicate over the Internet. Collectively they make up the Internet of Things (IoT).

Individual devices are connected through Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications interfaces.

Potential applications and services in the IoT include:

  • smart devices
  • smart cities
  • smart grids
  • the connected car
  • eHealth
  • home automation and energy management
  • remote industrial process control

Standardizing the IoT

Smart objects produce large volumes of data. This data needs to be managed, processed, transferred and stored securely.

The use of standards

  • ensures interoperable and cost-effective solutions
  • opens up opportunities in new areas
  • allows the market to reach its full potential

The more things are connected, the greater the security risk. So security standards are also needed to protect the individuals, businesses and governments which will use the IoT.

A wide range of technologies work together to connect things in the Internet of Things (IoT). ETSI is involved in standardizing many of these technologies:

Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications

  • ETSI is a member of oneM2M, the global partnership initiative which aims to provide a standardized M2M interface. This will enable different devices to be connected in the IoT, irrespective of the underlying network.
  • The work of oneM2M builds on the activities of our own committee, TC SmartM2M, which has developed, and now maintains, our specifications for a standardized platform:

TC SmartM2M is also addressing IoT standardization gaps identified in European Commission Large Scale Pilot projects.

Applications in the IoT

Within ETSI we are addressing various applications of M2M technology:

  • Smart appliances
  • Smart metering
  • Smart cities – including networking, energy efficiency and accessibility
  • Smart grids
  • eHealth
  • Intelligent Transport Systems – including telematics and all types of communications in vehicles, between vehicles and between vehicles and fixed locations. We also address the use of Information and Communications Technologies for rail, water and air transport, including navigation systems.
  • Wireless Industrial Automation – standards for radio equipment to be used in factories.

Supporting the IoT

  • Security for the IoT – various aspects of security such as electronic signatures, lawful interception, security algorithms and smart cards as well as cyber security
  • Low power supplies in the IoT:
  • Radio spectrum requirements – helping to find the necessary radio spectrum for connecting things wirelessly in the IoT.
  • Embedded communications modules – We have developed a baseline specification using Surface Mount Technology. This will simplify the integration of modules from different manufacturers in a wide range of M2M applications.

Context Information Management

Our Industry Specification Group on cross-sector Context Information Management (ISG CIM) develops technical specifications and reports to enable multiple organizations to develop interoperable software implementations of a cross-cutting Context Information Management (CIM) layer, for smart cities applications and beyond.

The group specifies protocols running ‘on top’ of IoT platforms and allowing exchange of data together with its context, this includes what is described by the data, what was measured, when, where, by what, the time of validity, ownership, and others. That will dramatically extend the interoperability of applications, helping smart cities to integrate their existing services and enable new third-party services.

ISG CIM focuses on developing specifications for a common context information management API, data publication platforms and standard data models. The group works closely with the ETSI SmartM2M technical committee and with oneM2M, the global standards initiative for M2M and the IoT (Internet of Things) of which ETSI is a founding member, since the IoT is one of the sources of context data for smart applications.

The work of ISG CIM is done in a phased manner. The initial phase, purely informative, resulting in an ISG CIM Group Report (GR), followed by a second normative phase resulting in several ISG CIM Group Specifications (GS). Throughout both phases relevant organizations are considered as appropriate in order to avoid duplication of work.

The following is a list of the latest published ETSI standards on internet of things.

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.

For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
TR 103 507 SmartM2M; SAREF extension investigation; Requirements for industry and manufacturing domains
TR 103 511 SmartM2M; SAREF extension investigation; Requirements for AgriFood domain
TR 103 506 SmartM2M; SAREF extension investigation; Requirements for Smart Cities
GR CIM 002 Context Information Management (CIM); Use Cases (UC)
TR 103 528 SmartM2M; Landscape for open source and standards for cloud native software applicable for a Virtualized IoT service layer
TR 103 529 SmartM2M; IoT over Cloud back-ends: A Proof of Concept
TR 103 527 SmartM2M; Virtualized IoT Architectures with Cloud Back-ends
TR 103 467 Speech and multimedia Transmission Quality (STQ); Quality of Service aspects for IoT; Discussion of QoS aspects of services related to the IoT ecosystem
TR 103 526 System Reference document (SRdoc); Technical characteristics for Low Power Wide Area Networks Chirp Spread Spectrum (LPWAN-CSS) operating in the UHF spectrum below 1 GHz
TR 103 515 Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT); Study on URLLC use cases of vertical industries for DECT evolution and DECT-2020
GR NGP 004 Next Generation Protocol (NGP); Evolved Architecture for mobility using Identity Oriented Networks
TS 118 132 MAF and MEF Interface Specification (oneM2M TS-0032 version 2.0.2 Release 2A)
TR 103 422 Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications (DECT); DECT evolution technical study; Requirements and technical analysis for the further evolution of DECT and DECT ULE
GR IP6 008 IPv6-based Internet of Things Deployment of IPv6-based Internet of Things
GR IP6 001 IPv6 Deployment in the Enterprise
TS 118 122 oneM2M Field Device Configuration (oneM2M TS-0022 version 2.0.0 Release 2)
GS NGP 001 Next Generation Protocol (NGP); Scenario Definitions
GS NGP 005 Next Generation Protocol (NGP); Next Generation Protocol Requirements
TS 103 268-1 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 1: Testing methodology
TS 103 268-2 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 2: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) pro forma