Technical Committee (TC) EMC and Radio Spectrum Matters (ERM) Activity Report 2019

Chair: Holger Butscheidt, Ministry of Economics and Technology, Germany

Responsible for a range of radio product and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards and the overall co-ordination of radio spectrum matters.

ETSI’s Harmonised European Standards are developed by our members in our technical committees, with much of the work being conducted in our committee for Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (TC ERM).

Now in force across Europe, the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU (RED) has required the revision or replacement of all ETSI’s existing related Harmonised Standards and the development of new ones. 

In 2018 the EC incorporated new consultants to help progress in the citation of standards in the OJEU. In 2019 we maintained a close dialogue with the EC to help the incorporation of the consultants in the process and make it fit with the EC’s requirements.

Much of the work of the committee during the year was accordingly dedicated to ongoing definitions for receiver parameters. This included work on the revision of our ETSI Guide on the drafting of Harmonised Standards for the RED, as well as the publication of a new Technical Specification [TS 103 567] addressing requirements on signal interferer handling. Further horizontal guidance was provided in the publication of a Technical Report [TR 103 581] on measurement detectors used in spectrum analyzers and EMI receivers.

Progress was made in creating new Harmonised Standards and making numerous updates to existing publications.

See the full list of TC ERM deliverables published in 2019.

In the area of digital TV and audio, the committee revised radio spectrum access standards for Digital Terrestrial TV Transmitters and Receivers, AM, FM, Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) transmission equipment and the Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) sound broadcasting service. We also addressed Digital Mobile Radio systems design and Wireless Video Links.

In the area of wideband transmission systems we published the revised standard [EN 300 328] covering access to radio spectrum for transmission equipment operating in the 2,4 GHz band. We also amended standards relating to hearing aids, wireless microphones, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), robotic mowers, networked based SRDs, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), radiodetermination equipment and metal sensors.

Much of our work during the year focused on the revision of Harmonised Standards relating to UWB (Ultra Wide Band) in order to help specify different use cases. This includes Ground- and Wall- Probing Radio determination (GPR/WPR) devices, keyless entry, Tilted Level Probing Radar (LPR), Ground Based Synthetic Aperture Radar (GBSAR), material sensing devices for security scanning, ground humidity, condition sensor and vehicular sensors.

Based on the implications of the RED for UWB we launched work on various new standards and reports. The scope of these deliverables includes Low Duty Cycle Mitigation and material characteristics above 100 GHz, as well as receiver and transmitter measurements.

In the medical area we continued work on standards for Ultra Low Power Active Medical Membrane Implants (ULP-AMI-M) and Peripherals (ULP-AMI-M-P), as well as Ultra Low Power Animal Implantable Devices (ULP-AID) and associated peripherals.

The TC ERM group on Digital Mobile Radio (DMR) revised its technical specifications for Digital Mobile Radio (DMR) and Digital Private Mobile Radio (dPMR). Two of these [TS 102 361-4 and TS 102 658] were published in 2019, with work progressing on a third.

Within TC ERM our Aeronautics group published or updated Harmonised Standards for Air Traffic Control Surveillance [EN 303 364-3], Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) [EN 303 213-6-1], VHF air-ground Data Link (VDL). To improve VDL the updated Technical Report TR 103 552 was published: a further Technical Report was subsequently initiated to give guidance on the production of European Norms in support of the Essential Requirements in Annex VIII of Regulation (EU) 2018/1139.

Meanwhile our Maritime group continued to update Digital Selective Calling (DSC) product standards and specifications, publishing revisions to the first part of our Harmonised Standard [EN 300 338-1] on measurement methods for DSC equipment in maritime MF, MF/HF and/or VHF bands. We also published an update to our Harmonised Standard [EN 303 098] on maritime low power personal locating devices employing AIS. 

Work progressed on Harmonised Standards relating to Maritime VHF for use on inland waterways, radio link for maritime positioning systems and radar equipment used on non-SOLAS vessels, maritime survival locating devices, coastal surveillance, Vessel Traffic Services and Harbour Radars (CS/VTS/HR), and broadband communication radiolink (MBR) for ships and off-shore installations.

In the area of rail transportation, TC ERM progressed updates to Harmonised Standards for Euroloop and Eurobalise train control systems. For road vehicles we published an updated second part of our Harmonised Standard [EN 300 674-2-2] on Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC) transmission equipment in the 5,8 GHz band.

Studies were initiated on ITS receiver requirements and co-channel co-existence between ITS-G5 and LTE-V2X. A study on receiver requirements for automotive and surveillance radar equipment is ongoing.

During 2019 TC ERM also published a number of System Reference documents (SRdoc). These variously considered fixed and in-motion Earth stations communicating with satellites in non-geostationary orbits in the 11 - 14 GHz frequency band [TR 103 399], Wireless Power Transmission (WPT) systems operating below 30 MHz [TR 103 493], critical infrastructure utility operations requirements for smart grid systems, other radio systems, and future radio spectrum access arrangements below 1,5 GHz [TR 103 492], radiodetermination applications within the frequency range 120 - 260 GHz [TR 103 498], Multiple Gigabit Wireless Systems (MGWS) in 57 - 71 GHz [TR 103 583], Level Probing Radar (LPR) in 75 - 85 GHz [TR 103 595] and DECT operating in the 1 900 - 1 920 MHz band [TR 103 149].

During 2019 revisions to several ‘horizontal’ EMC Harmonised Standards were published, including the part on common technical requirements [EN 301 489-1] on which the other parts of the multipart standard rely on. In addition, two standards on combined equipment for industrial locations [EN 303 446-2] and residential, commercial and light industry [EN 303 446-1] were released and published.

Throughout the year TC ERM maintained its co-operation with the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), in particular in the area of smart/connected devices where the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements for the base machine need to be reconciled with EMC requirements for the radio elements providing the connectivity. This affects, for example, smart domestic appliances and some industrial machinery. We have continued to work actively with CENELEC to align processes in order to support and homogeneous single market, in support of competition and innovation. 

Look out for in 2020 – TC ERM work in progress

During 2020, the main focus of TC ERM is continued development and revision of various Harmonised Standards and technical specifications, including those in relation to: 

  • Multiple Gigabit Wireless Systems (MGWS)
  • Networked Short Range Devices (SRD)
  • SRDs using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) technology
  • Radio equipment operating below 9 kHz
  • Robotic mowers
  • Wireless power transmission
  • Wideband transmission systems
  • UWB systems including ground- and wall-probing radio determination; Level Probing Radar (LPR); tracking; keyless entry systems; generic UWB communications
  • Radiodetermination equipment
  • Wireless Industrial Applications (WIA)
  • Ultra Low Power wireless medical capsule cameras
  • Metal sensors
  • Security scanners
  • C-ITS communications
  • Transport and Traffic Telematics (TTT); Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC)
  • Vehicular radar; automotive and surveillance radar equipment
  • Ground Based Synthetic Aperture Radar (GBSAR)
  • Primary Surveillance Radar
  • Wide Area Multilateration (WAM)
  • Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS)
  • Data Link Services (DLS)
  • Airport Surface Data Link (AeroMACS)
  • VHF air-ground Digital Link (VDL)
  • Euroloop railway systems
  • Marine radar, positioning systems and survival location devices
  • Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
  • Inland waterways navigation radar
  • Digital Terrestrial TV transmitters and receivers
  • DAB and DRM transmitters
  • AM/FM broadcast sound receivers
  • Active antennas for broadcast reception
  • Wireless microphones/audio PMSE systems
  • Inductive loop systems for the hearing impaired
  • Avalanche beacon equipment for buried people
  • Meteorological radar
  • Digital Mobile Radio (DMR) systems
  • Land Mobile Service broadband radio for Public Protection and Disaster Relief
  • EMC
  • Measurement and testing

See the full list of current TC ERM Work Items on the ETSI Member Portal.