The Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU

Introduction

  • On 16 April 2014, the European Union adopted a new set of rules for placing radio equipment on the European market, and putting them into service.
  • EU Member States have to adapt their National laws to this new Radio Equipment Directive (RED) (2014/53/EU, published on 22 May 2014), and apply its provisions from 13 June 2016. Manufacturers who were compliant with the existing legislation (RTTED or LVD/EMCD) will have until 13 June 2017 to comply with the new requirements.
  • The existing Radio & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTED) (1999/5/EC) was repealed on 13 June 2016.

The European Commission intends to cite a list of Harmonised Standards in the Official Journal of the European Union. A manufacturer who chooses to build equipment according to the relevant cited Harmonised Standard may declare conformity and place his equipment on the market of the EU Member States. Member States shall allow it to be placed on the market and used, although some National conditions for use may be required under specific circumstances (e.g. public health or the introduction of a specific authorization regime for the purposes of efficient and effective use of the spectrum).

Although Harmonised Standards provide a presumption of conformity, they are never compulsory. A manufacturer is always free to establish a technical file to demonstrate that his equipment meets the essential requirements of the Directive. If a manufacturer chose this route, he would be required to request a Type Examination from a Notified Body (see www.redca.eu for further details).

What has changed since the R&TTED

  • The RED applies to equipment that is placed on the market (this contrasts with the R&TTED, which also applied to “relevant components” of radio equipment).
  • The RED applies to equipment which intentionally transmits or receives radio waves for communications or radiodetermination, regardless of its primary function. For example, a “connected” device that uses an embedded radio module for communications or to determine its position has to meet the same radio requirements as a purpose-built radio equipment.
  • Wired telecommunications terminal equipment that does not function using radio is not covered by the RED.
  • Radio equipment covered by the RED is not subject to the Low-Voltage Directive (LVD) or the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMCD): the essential requirements of those Directives are covered by the essential requirements of the RED, with certain modifications.
  • The RED places additional emphasis on efficient and effective use of the spectrum. In particular radio equipment needs to demonstrate the performance of its receiver part, as well as its transmitter, as both are considered to affect the efficient and effective use of the spectrum.
  • The RED applies to radio equipment operating at frequencies below 3 000 GHz, including radio equipment operating below 9 kHz that is not covered by the R&TTED or by National frequency regulations.
  • The RED also applies to radiodetermination equipment: equipment that uses the propagation qualities of radio waves to determine its position.
  • The R&TTED specifically excluded Broadcast TV & radio receivers from its scope. These are now specifically included in the scope of the RED.

Our Role & Activities

ETSI’s response

  • Receiver requirements: many Harmonised Standards under the R&TTED did not include requirements on receivers, as these had not been necessary in order to demonstrate compliance. These Harmonised Standards are being revised to include the necessary receiver requirements to meet the revised article 3.2 of the RED. In order to guide the Technical Committees and to ensure a consistence of approach, ETSI has developed EG 203 336. As well as providing guidance to Technical Committees, this is expected to be useful to manufacturers in their development of technical files in cases where the Harmonised Standards have not yet been produced.
  • Broadcast receivers: ETSI is developing standards for efficient & effective use of the radio spectrum (article 3.2 of the RED) to enable the compliance of terrestrial TV and radio receivers, and also satellite receivers. Under a long-standing agreement with CENELEC, the EMC standards (article 3.1b) for broadcast receivers are still being developed by CENELEC.
  • “Combined Equipment”: in order to meet growing demand for connected devices, many manufacturers are developing “smart” variants of existing products, incorporating radio devices. Such products need to meet the RED. ETSI is developing a Guide (EG 203 367 - in ETSI work programme database) to advise manufacturers to what extent the compliance assessment of the existing (non-radio) product could be re-used as part of a technical file under the RED. Alternatively, manufacturers of connected versions of the equipment can re-assess the entire product against the relevant standards for the RED.
  • Equipment operating below 9 kHz: ETSI is developing a generic standard for equipment operating in these bands (EN 303 660 - in ETSI work programme database) and a specific Harmonised Standard for inductive Telecoil systems for the hearing impaired.
  • Radiodetermination equipment: ETSI had developed standards for proximity radar systems, in particular for automotive use. In order to meet the RED, ETSI is developing more standards for radar, including maritime and aeronautical applications. ETSI is also considering proposals to develop Harmonised Standards for global navigation satellite systems, permitting the compliance of a wide range of consumer products that incorporate such functions.

Co-operation with other organisations

ETSI will continue its co-operation with the CEPT to ensure that ETSI Harmonised Standards and CEPT activities to harmonized use of radio frequencies continue to work hand-in-hand.

ETSI also has a long-standing co-operation with CENELEC under which CENELEC develops Harmonised Standards for electrical safety (article 3.1a of the RED) and for broadcast receiver EMC (article 3.1b). Harmonised Standards for EMC for all other radio equipment (article 3.1b), efficient and effective use of the spectrum (article 3.2) and specific requirements (article 3.3) will continue to be developed by ETSI.

ETSI has been formally requested (request M/536) by the European Commission to provide a suite of Harmonised Standards related to the RED. A summary of ETSI’s work programme related to this Directive can be downloaded
xlsfrom this website.

ETSI also co-ordinated closely with Notified Bodies via the RED Compliance Association, Enforcement Authorities (via the Administrations Co-operation (ADCO) group) and with the relevant services of the European Commission.

More information

As an Institute, ETSI attends the CEPT/ECC and certain key meetings of the European Commission (including the Member States’ meetings under the R&TTE Directive, the RED and the Radio Spectrum Decision). ETSI Members are invited to brief the representatives via regular conference calls advertised on the Radio Briefing e-mail list (RADIO_BRIEFING@list.etsi.org). In order to participate, Members are invited to send a request to ESPsupport@etsi.org

Standards

The following is a list of the 20 latest published ETSI standards under the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU. For only those already cited in the Official Journal please refer to the Harmonised Standards for the Radio Equipment Directive (RED).

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.

For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
EN 303 406 Short Range Devices (SRD); Social Alarms Equipment operating in the frequency range 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 422-2 Wireless Microphones; Audio PMSE up to 3 GHz; Part 2: Class B Receivers; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 422-3 Wireless Microphones; Audio PMSE up to 3 GHz; Part 3: Class C Receivers; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 194 Navigation radar used on inland waterways; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 571 Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS); Radiocommunications equipment operating in the 5 855 MHz to 5 925 MHz frequency band; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 330 Short Range Devices (SRD); Radio equipment in the frequency range 9 kHz to 25 MHz and inductive loop systems in the frequency range 9 kHz to 30 MHz; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 422-1 Wireless Microphones; Audio PMSE up to 3 GHz; Part 1: Class A Receivers; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 908-11 IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 11: CDMA Direct Spread (UTRA FDD) Repeaters
EN 301 908-15 IMT cellular networks; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Part 15: Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA FDD) Repeaters
EN 301 166 Land Mobile Service; Radio equipment for analogue and/or digital communication (speech and/or data) and operating on narrow band channels and having an antenna connector; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 220-2 Short Range Devices (SRD) operating in the frequency range 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz; Part 2: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU for non specific radio equipment
EN 300 220-3-2 Short Range Devices (SRD) operating in the frequency range 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz; Part 3-2: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Wireless alarms operating in designated LDC/HR frequency bands 868,60 MHz to 868,70 MHz, 869,25 MHz to 869,40 MHz, 869,65 MHz to 869,70 MHz
EN 300 220-4 Short Range Devices (SRD) operating in the frequency range 25 MHz to 1 000 MHz; Part 4: Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU; Metering devices operating in designated band 169,400 MHz to 169,475 MHz
EN 301 489-1 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 1: Common technical requirements; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU and the essential requirements of article 6 of Directive 2014/30/EU
EN 301 489-17 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 17: Specific conditions for Broadband Data Transmission Systems; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 489-33 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 33: Specific conditions for Ultra-WideBand (UWB) devices; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 489-4 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 4: Specific conditions for fixed radio links and ancillary equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 301 489-50 ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 50: Specific conditions for Cellular Communication Base Station (BS), repeater and ancillary equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.1(b) of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 302 480 Mobile Communication On Board Aircraft (MCOBA) systems; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
EN 300 720 Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) on-board vessels communications systems and equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the Directive 2014/53/EU