Machine to Machine Communications


What do applications such as Personal Health Monitoring, intelligent tracking and tracing in the supply chain, smart utility metering, remote control of vending machines, industrial wireless automation and ambient assisted living all have in common?

They are all made possible thanks to Machine to Machine Communications.

This fast-growing sector is predicted to see billions of machines interconnected in a near future.
The cellular M2M segment in particular is forecast to produce record growth.

While many M2M deployments will make use of short-range or proprietary radio links, cellular-based M2M solutions will be preferred where mobility is required, or where high data volumes or data transfer rates are involved. Cellular-based M2M can also provide easier installation and provisioning, especially for short-term deployments.

Telecoms networks may need to be optimised to cater for these new ‘subscribers', who may have very different behaviour from current customers. Standardization is required in order to deliver cost-effective M2M solutions, and allow this market to take off.

Many component-level standards already exist, addressing various radio interfaces, different meshed or routed networking choices, or offering a choice of identity schemes. Each is optimised for a particular application scenario and there is therefore a degree of fragmentation.

Until now, little effort has been made to bring all these pieces together, and identify the standardization gaps which exist.

This is a challenge that ETSI is now confronting!

Download the M2M Technology Leaflet.

Our Role & Activities

A new ETSI Technical Committee is developing standards for Machine to Machine Communications.

The group aims to provide an end-to-end view of Machine to Machine standardization, and will co-operate closely with ETSI's activities on Next Generation Networks, and also with the work of the 3GPP standards initiative for mobile communication technologies.

ETSI's broad representation from the global telecoms and ICT industry enables us to take a ‘big picture' view. This committee includes European, American and Asian experts from telecoms network operators, equipment vendors, administrations, research bodies, and of course M2M specialist companies.


The following is a list of the 20 latest published ETSI standards on machine-to-machine communications.

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards

For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
TS 103 267 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Communication Framework
TS 103 264 SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Reference Ontology and oneM2M Mapping
TR 103 118 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Smart Energy Infrastructures security; Review of existing security measures and convergence investigations
TR 103 290 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Impact of Smart City Activity on IoT Environment
TS 103 315 SmartM2M; Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Interoperability Test Specification for ETSI M2M Primitives
TS 102 921 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); mIa, dIa and mId interfaces
TR 102 966 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Interworking between the M2M Architecture and M2M Area Network technologies
TR 101 584 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Study on Semantic support for M2M Data
TS 102 690 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Functional architecture
TR 102 732 Machine-to-Machine Communications (M2M); Use Cases of M2M applications for eHealth
TR 102 857 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Use Cases of M2M applications for Connected Consumer
TS 102 689 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); M2M service requirements
TR 102 725 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Definitions
TS 103 104 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Interoperability Test Specification for CoAP Binding of ETSI M2M Primitives
TR 102 898 Machine to Machine communications (M2M); Use cases of Automotive Applications in M2M capable networks
TS 103 093 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); BBF TR-069 compatible Management Objects for ETSI M2M
TS 103 092 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); OMA DM compatible Management Objects for ETSI M2M
TR 102 935 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Applicability of M2M architecture to Smart Grid Networks; Impact of Smart Grids on M2M platform
TR 103 167 Machine to Machine (M2M); Threat analysis and counter measures to M2M service layer
TR 102 691 Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Smart Metering Use Cases