Internet of Things
An increasing number of everyday machines and objects are now embedded with sensors or actuators and have the ability to communicate over the Internet. Collectively they make up the Internet of Things (IoT).
Individual devices are connected through Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications interfaces.
Potential applications and services in the IoT include:
- smart devices
- smart cities
- smart grids
- the connected car
- home automation and energy management
- remote industrial process control
Standardizing the IoT
Smart objects produce large volumes of data. This data needs to be managed, processed, transferred and stored securely.
The use of standards
- ensures interoperable and cost-effective solutions
- opens up opportunities in new areas
- allows the market to reach its full potential
The more things are connected, the greater the security risk. So security standards are also needed to protect the individuals, businesses and governments which will use the IoT.
A wide range of technologies work together to connect things in the Internet of Things (IoT). ETSI is involved in standardizing many of these technologies:
Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications
- ETSI is a member of oneM2M, the global partnership initiative which aims to provide a standardized M2M interface. This will enable different devices to be connected in the IoT, irrespective of the underlying network.
- The work of oneM2M builds on the activities of our own committee, TC SmartM2M, which has developed, and now maintains, our specifications for a standardized platform:
TC SmartM2M is also addressing IoT standardization gaps identified in European Commission Large Scale Pilot projects.
Applications in the IoT
Within ETSI we are addressing various applications of M2M technology:
- Smart appliances
- Smart metering
- Smart cities – including networking, energy efficiency and accessibility
- Smart grids
- Intelligent Transport Systems – including telematics and all types of communications in vehicles, between vehicles and between vehicles and fixed locations. We also address the use of Information and Communications Technologies for rail, water and air transport, including navigation systems.
- Wireless Industrial Automation – standards for radio equipment to be used in factories. Current work (details on ETSI Portal) includes standards for ensuring electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in industrial environments.
Supporting the IoT
- Security for the IoT – various aspects of security such as electronic signatures, lawful interception, security algorithms and smart cards as well as cyber security
- Low power supplies in the IoT:
- Radio spectrum requirements – helping to find the necessary radio spectrum for connecting things wirelessly in the IoT.
- Embedded communications modules – We have developed a baseline specification using Surface Mount Technology. This will simplify the integration of modules from different manufacturers in a wide range of M2M applications.
Context Information Management
Our Industry Specification Group on cross-sector Context Information Management (ISG CIM) develops technical specifications and reports to enable multiple organisations to develop interoperable software implementations of a cross-cutting Context Information Management (CIM) layer, for smart cities applications and beyond.
The group specifies protocols running ‘on top’ of IoT platforms and allowing exchange of data together with its context, this includes what is described by the data, what was measured, when, where, by what, the time of validity, ownership, and others. That will dramatically extend the interoperability of applications, helping smart cities to integrate their existing services and enable new third-party services.
ISG CIM focuses on developing specifications for a common context information management API, data publication platforms and standard data models. The group works closely with the ETSI SmartM2M technical committee and with oneM2M, the global standards initiative for M2M and the IoT (Internet of Things) of which ETSI is a founding member, since the IoT is one of the sources of context data for smart applications.
The work of ISG CIM is done in a phased manner. The initial phase will be purely informative and result in an ISG CIM Group Report (GR). It will be followed by a second normative phase resulting in several ISG CIM Group Specifications (GS). Throughout both phases relevant organizations will be considered as appropriate in order to avoid duplication of work.
The following is a list of the latest published ETSI standards on internet of things.
A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.
For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.
|Standard No.||Standard title.|
|GS NGP 005||Next Generation Protocol (NGP); Next Generation Protocol Requirements|
|TS 103 268-1||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 1: Testing methodology|
|TS 103 268-2||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 2: Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) pro forma|
|TS 103 268-3||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 3: Test Suite Structure and Test Purposes (TSS & TP)|
|TS 103 268-4||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Ontology and Communication Framework Testing; Part 4: Abstract Test Suite (ATS) and Protocol Implementation eXtra Information for Testing (PIXIT)|
|TS 103 264||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Reference Ontology and oneM2M Mapping|
|TR 103 435||System Reference document (SRdoc); Short Range Devices (SRD); Technical characteristics for Ultra Narrow Band (UNB) SRDs operating in the UHF spectrum below 1 GHz|
|TR 103 411||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; SAREF extension investigation|
|TS 103 410-1||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 1: Energy Domain|
|TS 103 410-2||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 2: Environment Domain|
|TS 103 410-3||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances Extension to SAREF; Part 3: Building Domain|
|TR 103 376||SmartM2M; IoT LSP use cases and standards gaps|
|TR 103 375||SmartM2M; IoT Standards landscape and future evolutions|
|TS 118 104||oneM2M; Service Layer Core Protocol Specification (oneM2M TS-0004 version 2.7.1 Release 2)|
|TS 118 101||oneM2M; Functional Architecture (oneM2M TS-0001 version 2.10.0 Release 2)|
|GS NGP 001||Next Generation Protocol (NGP); Scenario Definitions|
|TR 118 522||oneM2M; Continuation & integration of HGI Smart Home activities (oneM2M TR-0022 version 2.0.0)|
|TR 118 524||oneM2M; 3GPP Release 13 Interworking (oneM2M TR-0024 version 2.0.0)|
|TS 118 114||oneM2M; LWM2M Interworking (oneM2M TS-0014 version 2.0.0 Release 2)|
|TR 118 512||oneM2M; End-to-End Security and Group Authentication (oneM2M TR-0012 version 2.0.0)|