Internet of Things
An increasing number of everyday machines and objects are now embedded with sensors or actuators and have the ability to communicate over the Internet. Collectively they make up the Internet of Things (IoT).
Individual devices are connected through Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications interfaces.
Potential applications and services in the IoT include:
- smart devices
- smart cities
- smart grids
- the connected car
- home automation and energy management
- remote industrial process control
Standardizing the IoT
Smart objects produce large volumes of data. This data needs to be managed, processed, transferred and stored securely.
The use of standards
- ensures interoperable and cost-effective solutions
- opens up opportunities in new areas
- allows the market to reach its full potential
The more things are connected, the greater the security risk. So security standards are also needed to protect the individuals, businesses and governments which will use the IoT.
A wide range of technologies work together to connect things in the Internet of Things (IoT). ETSI is involved in standardizing many of these technologies:
Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications
- ETSI is a member of oneM2M, the global partnership initiative which aims to provide a standardized M2M interface. This will enable different devices to be connected in the IoT, irrespective of the underlying network.
- The work of oneM2M builds on the activities of our own committee, TC SmartM2M, which has developed, and now maintains, our specifications for a standardized platform:
TC SmartM2M is also addressing IoT standardization gaps identified in European Commission Large Scale Pilot projects.
Applications in the IoT
Within ETSI we are addressing various applications of M2M technology:
- Smart appliances
- Smart metering
- Smart cities – including networking, energy efficiency and accessibility
- Smart grids
- Intelligent Transport Systems – including telematics and all types of communications in vehicles, between vehicles and between vehicles and fixed locations. We also address the use of Information and Communications Technologies for rail, water and air transport, including navigation systems.
- Wireless Industrial Automation – standards for radio equipment to be used in factories. Current work (details on ETSI Portal) includes standards for ensuring electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in industrial environments.
Supporting the IoT
- Security for the IoT – various aspects of security such as electronic signatures, lawful interception, security algorithms and smart cards as well as cyber security
- Low power supplies in the IoT:
- Radio spectrum requirements – helping to find the necessary radio spectrum for connecting things wirelessly in the IoT.
- Embedded communications modules – We have developed a baseline specification using Surface Mount Technology. This will simplify the integration of modules from different manufacturers in a wide range of M2M applications.
The following is a list of the latest published ETSI standards on internet of things.
A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.
For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.
|Standard No.||Standard title.|
|TS 118 101||oneM2M; Functional Architecture (oneM2M TS-0001 version 1.13.1 Release 1)|
|TS 118 103||oneM2M; Security solutions (oneM2M TS-0003 version 1.4.2 Release 1)|
|TS 118 104||oneM2M; Service Layer Core Protocol Specification (oneM2M TS-0004 version 1.6.0 Release 1)|
|TS 118 105||oneM2M; Management Enablement (OMA) (oneM2M TS-0005 version 1.4.1 Release 1)|
|TS 118 106||oneM2M; Management Enablement (BBF) (oneM2M TS-0006 version 1.1.4 Release 1)|
|TS 118 108||oneM2M; CoAP Protocol Binding (oneM2M TS-0008 version 1.3.2 Release 1)|
|TS 118 109||oneM2M; HTTP Protocol Binding (oneM2M TS-0009 version 1.5.1 Release 1)|
|TS 118 110||oneM2M; MQTT Protocol Binding (oneM2M TS-0010 version 1.5.1 Release 1)|
|TS 118 113||oneM2M; Interoperability Testing (oneM2M TS-0013 version 1.0.0 Release 1)|
|TS 103 267||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Communication Framework|
|TS 103 264||SmartM2M; Smart Appliances; Reference Ontology and oneM2M Mapping|
|TR 118 501||oneM2M Use Case collection|
|TR 103 290||Machine-to-Machine communications (M2M); Impact of Smart City Activity on IoT Environment|
|TR 118 502||Architecture Part 1: Analysis of the architectures proposed for consideration by oneM2M|
|TR 118 503||oneM2M Architecture Part 2: Study for the merging of architectures proposed for consideration by oneM2M|
|TR 118 506||Study of Management Capability Enablement Technologies for Consideration by oneM2M|
|TS 118 101||Functional Architecture|
|TS 118 102||oneM2M Requirements|
|TS 118 103||oneM2M Security solutions|
|TS 118 104||oneM2M Service Layer Core Protocol Specification|