Mobile technologies GSM

Overview

The technology behind the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM™) uses Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying (GMSK) modulation a variant of Phase Shift Keying (PSK) with Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) signalling over Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) carriers. The physical layer is specified in TS 45.001 on the 3GPPTM website and the logical channels in TS 45.002 on the 3GPP website. The modulation is specified in TS 45.004 on the 3GPP website.

Although originally designed for operation in the 900 MHz band, it was soon adapted for 1800 MHz. The introduction of GSM into North America meant further adaptation to the 800 and 1900 MHz bands. Over the years, the versatility of GSM has resulted in the specifications being adapted to many more frequency bands to meet niche markets. A full list can be found in TS 45.005 on the 3GPP website.

GSM was designed principally for voice telephony, but a range of bearer services was defined (a subset of those available for fixed line Integrated Services Digital Networks, ISDN), allowing circuit-switched data connections at up to 9600 bits/s. At the time of the original system design, this rate compared favourably to those available over fixed connections. However, with the passage of time, fixed connection data rates increased dramatically. The GSM channel structure and modulation technique did not permit faster rates, and thus the High Speed Circuit-Switched Data (HSCSD) service was introduced in the GSM Phase 2+.

In the course of the next few years, the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) was developed to allow aggregation of several carriers for higher speed, packet-switched applications such as always-on internet access. The first commercial GPRS offerings were introduced in the early 2000s.

Meanwhile, investigations had been continuing with a view to increasing the intrinsic bit rate of the GSM technology via novel modulation techniques. This resulted in Enhanced Data-rates for Global Evolution (EDGE), which offers an almost three-fold data rate increase in the same bandwidth.

The combination of GPRS and EDGE brings system capabilities into the range covered by the International Telecommunication Unions IMT-2000 (third generation) concept, and some manufacturers and network operators consider the EDGE networks to offer third generation services.

GSM radio technology is specified in the TS 45.-series specifications on the 3GPP website. The overall GSM network architecture is described in TS 23.002 on the 3GPP website and a complete list of Technical Specifications for GSM systems is given in TS 41.101 on the 3GPP website.

Standards

The following is a list of the 20 latest published ETSI standards on GSM.

A full list of related standards in the public domain is accessible via the ETSI standards search. Via this interface you can also subscribe for alerts on updates of ETSI standards.

For work in progress see the ETSI Work Programme on the Portal.

Standard No. Standard title.
EN 301 511 Global System for Mobile communications (GSM); Mobile Stations (MS) equipment; Harmonised Standard covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of Directive 2014/53/EU
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 12)
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 12)
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 13)
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 13)
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 14)
TS 101 220 Smart Cards; ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (Release 15)
TS 144 018 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; GSM/EDGE Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol (3GPP TS 44.018 version 11.10.0 Release 11)
TS 144 018 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; GSM/EDGE Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol (3GPP TS 44.018 version 12.7.0 Release 12)
TS 144 018 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; GSM/EDGE Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol (3GPP TS 44.018 version 13.8.0 Release 13)
TS 144 018 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; GSM/EDGE Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol (3GPP TS 44.018 version 14.4.0 Release 14)
TS 144 031 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Location Services (LCS); Mobile Station (MS) - Serving Mobile Location Centre (SMLC) Radio Resource LCS Protocol (RRLP) (3GPP TS 44.031 version 12.4.0 Release 12)
TS 144 031 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Location Services (LCS); Mobile Station (MS) - Serving Mobile Location Centre (SMLC) Radio Resource LCS Protocol (RRLP) (3GPP TS 44.031 version 13.1.0 Release 13)
TS 144 031 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Location Services (LCS); Mobile Station (MS) - Serving Mobile Location Centre (SMLC) Radio Resource LCS Protocol (RRLP) (3GPP TS 44.031 version 14.3.0 Release 14)
TS 145 002 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); GSM/EDGE Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path (3GPP TS 45.002 version 14.4.0 Release 14)
TS 145 005 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); GSM/EDGE Radio transmission and reception (3GPP TS 45.005 version 14.3.0 Release 14)
TS 145 010 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); GSM/EDGE Radio subsystem synchronization (3GPP TS 45.010 version 14.3.0 Release 14)
TS 149 031 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Location Services (LCS); Base Station System Application Part LCS Extension (BSSAP-LE) (3GPP TS 49.031 version 14.3.0 Release 14)
TS 151 021 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Base Station System (BSS) equipment specification; Radio aspects (3GPP TS 51.021 version 14.3.0 Release 14)
TS 137 141 Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+) (GSM); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); LTE; E-UTRA, UTRA and GSM/EDGE; Multi-Standard Radio (MSR) Base Station (BS) conformance testing (3GPP TS 37.141 version 13.9.0 Release 13)