Maritime

Introduction

Communications are essential for mariners for both routine operations and safety purposes. ETSI is responsible for producing a range of technical standards and reports concerning radio equipment and systems for maritime and inland waterways use.

ETSI's work has to take account of a number of international and European requirements and, as a result, the Institute works closely with the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the Radiocommunication Sector of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU-R), the European Commission and other organizations to ensure that ETSI's products are in accordance with the various conventions and regulations.

The IMO SOLAS convention, the GMDSS and MED Directive

The IMO's International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) obliges flag states to ensure that relevant ships carry certain equipment on board. Flag states are further required to carry out type approval of such equipment to ensure that it meets the appropriate safety requirements.

The IMO introduced the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) in the SOLAS Convention in 1988. The GMDSS uses radio communication to alert search and rescue organizations and ships in the vicinity in the case of an emergency. In addition to distress communications, the GMDSS also provides for the dissemination of general maritime safety information (such as navigational and meteorological warnings and urgent information to ships).

Frequencies for maritime communications and for distress and safety are generally allocated on a global basis and fixed in the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Radio Regulations.

The European Commission has created the Marine Equipment Directive to ensure uniform application of SOLAS obligations in the EU member states. This Directive requires that the compliance of equipment with the requirements of international conventions shall be demonstrated solely in accordance with the testing standards and conformity procedures referred to in the Directive. Standards produced by ETSI form part of the technical basis of this Directive.

The River Information Services Directive (2005/44/EC) is another European Commission initiative, designed to harmonize river traffic information services on inland waterways within the European Community. It creates a framework for deploying and utilizing harmonized river information services to support the development of inland waterway transport with a view to strengthening its safety, efficiency and environment-friendliness, and facilitating interfaces with other modes of transport.

Maritime radio equipment outside the SOLAS convention

The SOLAS Convention requires that large passenger ships and large cargo vessels carry specific equipment for distress and safety purposes. However, similar equipment, plus other equipment not covered by SOLAS, may be fitted to other craft on a voluntary basis. Further, all vessels may carry equipment for general communication that is not required by the SOLAS convention.

Radio equipment which is not covered by IMO carriage requirements is covered by the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (R&TTE) Directive. This is a 'New Approach' Directive, which relies on 'Harmonized Standards' developed by recognized European standards bodies such as ETSI which can be used to demonstrate compliance with the essential requirements of the Directive.

The R&TTE Directive, in its basic form, has the following essential requirements:

  • Protection of health and safety of the user and any other person (article 3.1a of the Directive)
  • Electromagnetic compatibility (article 3.1b)
  • Effective use of the radio spectrum / orbital resource so as to avoid harmful interference (article 3.2).

The European Commission has the power to introduce requirements for particular classes of equipment to ensure access to emergency services (article 3.3(e) of the R&TTE Directive). A list of such Commission Decisions including maritime-related ones is available under 'Related Acts'.

Our Role & Activities

ETSI monitors developments in the field of maritime communications and creates standards, technical specifications, reports and guides for maritime and inland waterways radio equipment and systems. In accordance with international requirements, these documents include equipment and systems for:

  • promotion of safety of life
  • radio communication, radio location and navigation equipment
  • maritime correspondence providing radio access to terrestrial telecommunication networks

ETSI produces European Standards for communications equipment falling within the scope of the Marine Equipment Directive and the River Information Services Directive. We also produce European Harmonized Standards for communications, radar and navigation equipment falling within the scope of the R&TTE Directive. As for the equipment falling under this, ETSI develops the standards in a multi-part format.

  • Part 1 covers the technical requirements of the equipment
  • Part 2 is a Harmonized Standard identifying which of the requirements in part 1 are necessary to use the radio spectrum effectively to avoid harmful interference (article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive)
  • Part 3, which is a Harmonized standard, identifies those requirements that are necessary to ensure access to emergency services (article 3.3(e) of the R&TTE Directive).

If equipment is manufactured in compliance with part 2 and part 3 (if applicable), manufacturers can declare conformity with the relevant essential requirements of the R&TTE Directive.

Maritime electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)

Historically, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements under article 3.1b of the R&TTE Directive have been covered in separate standards from the radio technical requirements. More recent standards for equipment include all technical requirements.

ETSI Maritime EMC standards are based on the general requirements for navigational and radio equipment found in the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard IEC 60945 (adopted as EN 60945 by CENELEC). A specific multipart EMC standards developed by ETSI for various types of maritime equipment have been replaced by a general ETSI European standard for maritime radio covered by the R&TTE Directive, EN 301 843.

Equipment and systems covered by ETSI standards

ETSI's standards and reports for the maritime sector include the following equipment and systems:

  • Inland waterways radar
  • Radio beacons
  • Personal locating devices
  • NAVTEX (meteorological and navigational telegraph)
  • Coastal station VHF
  • VHF radiotelephone
  • Mobile maritime service - MF, HF and VHF bands and satellite
  • On-board UHF
  • Survival craft fixed and portable VHF
  • Shipborne watchkeeping receivers
  • Maritime mobile satellite earth stations
  • Coastal Surveillance, Vessel Traffic Systems and Harbour Radars


Standards

The following is a list of recently published and frequently downloaded standards. Please use the ETSI Work Programme to find further related standards.

Standard No. Standard title.
EN 303 135 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Coastal Surveillance, Vessel Traffic Services and Harbour Radars (CS/VTS/HR); Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
EN 302 885-2 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands with integrated handheld class D DSC; Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
EN 302 885-3 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands with integrated handheld class D DSC; Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.3(e) of the R&TTE Directive
EN 302 885-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands with integrated handheld class D DSC; Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
EN 302 248 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Navigation radar for use on non-SOLAS vessels; Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
EN 301 025-2 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
EN 301 025-3 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Part 3: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.3(e) of the R&TTE Directive
EN 300 373-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Maritime mobile transmitters and receivers for use in the MF and HF bands; Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
EN 301 033 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Technical characteristics and methods of measurement for shipborne watchkeeping receivers for reception of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) in the maritime MF, MF/HF and VHF bands
EN 302 961-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Maritime Personal Homing Beacon intended for use on the frequency 121,5 MHz for search and rescue purposes only; Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
EN 302 961-2 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Maritime Personal Homing Beacon intended for use on the frequency 121,5 MHz for search and rescue purposes only; Part 2: Harmonized EN covering the essential requirements of article 3.2 of the R&TTE Directive
EN 301 025-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); VHF radiotelephone equipment for general communications and associated equipment for Class "D" Digital Selective Calling (DSC); Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
EN 301 925 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Radiotelephone transmitters and receivers for the maritime mobile service operating in VHF bands; Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
TS 101 570-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 1: Requirements catalogue
TS 101 570-2 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 2: Class A/B Test Descriptions
TS 101 570-3 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 3: Class D Test Descriptions
TS 101 570-4 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 4: Class E Test Descriptions
TS 101 570-5 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Interoperability Testing for Maritime Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Radios; Part 5: Handheld VHF Class D Test Descriptions
EN 301 178-1 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Portable Very High Frequency (VHF) radiotelephone equipment for the maritime mobile service operating in the VHF bands (for non-GMDSS applications only); Part 1: Technical characteristics and methods of measurement
EN 300 338-5 Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Technical characteristics and methods of measurement for equipment for generation, transmission and reception of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) in the maritime MF, MF/HF and/or VHF mobile service; Part 5: Handheld VHF Class D DSC